Daniel Defoe 1660 - 1731

Volume 1
Where We Begin
Eye and Ear
Industry
From Town and City
Travellers Tales
What Celia Sees
Daniel Defoe 1660-1731
William Camden 1551-1623
The Mysteries Of London
The Life of a Coster Girl
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
Further Notes From The Midlands
Lichfield Miscellanies
Seven Strong Spires
Before Us Stands Yesterday
Albion Band 1998 - 1999
London Calling
Stuart Hibberd 1893 - 1983
John Logie Baird 1888 - 1946
Are You Sitting Comfortably?
Ghosts and Marvels
Casting the Runes
An Episode Of Cathedral History
The Tractate Middoth
More Ghosts and Marvels
Negotium Perambulans
Venus
Musicks
Dulce Et Decorum Est
War Requiem
Poems by Wilfred Owen
"They called it Passchendaele"
1914
Other Poets 1914 - 1918
C.S. Lewis: A Letter
C. S. Lewis 1898 - 1963
Joyce Grenfell 1919 - 1979
An Interview With Richard Thompson
BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards 2006
Horkstow Grange
The Radio Ballads
Two Songs Of England
A Band For England
Waterloo Sunset
Vashti Bunyan
Just Another Diamond Day
David Gilmour
On An Island
Live From An Island
Where We Start

National Archives Learning Curve

Writer, Traveller, Dissenter

Daniel Defoe 1660 - 1731

Daniel Defoe, the son of a butcher, was born in London in 1660. He attended Morton's Academy, a school for Dissenters at Newington Green with the intention of becoming a minister, but he changed his mind and became a hosiery merchant instead.
In 1688 Defoe took part in the Monmouth Rebellion and joined William III and his advancing army. Defoe became popular with the king after the publication of his poem, The True Born Englishman (1701). The poem attacked those who were prejudiced against having a king of foreign birth.
The publication of Defoe's The Shortest Way with the Dissenters (1702) upset a large number of powerful people. In the pamphlet, Defoe, a Dissenter, ironically demanded the savage suppression of dissent. The pamphlet was judged to be critical of the Anglican Church and Defoe was fined, put in the
Charing Cross Pillory and then sent to Newgate Prison.
In 1703 Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, a Tory government official, employed Defoe as a spy. With the support of the government, Defoe started the newspaper, The Review. Published between 1704 and 1713, the newspaper appeared three times a week. As well as carrying commercial advertising The Review reported on political and social issues. Defoe also wrote several pamphlets for Harley attacking the political opposition. The Whigs took Defoe court and this resulted in him serving another prison sentence.

In 1719 Defoe turned to writing fiction. His novels include:
Robinson Crusoe (1719), Captain Singleton (1720), Journal of the Plague Year (1722), Captain Jack (1722), Moll Flanders (1722) and Roxanda (1724).

Defoe also wrote a three volume travel book,
Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain (1724-27) that provided a vivid first-hand account of the state of the country. Other non-fiction books include The Complete English Tradesman (1726) and London the Most Flourishing City in the Universe (1728). Defoe published over 560 books and pamphlets and is considered to be the founder of British journalism. Daniel Defoe died in 1731.

A Journal of the Plague Year
an account of the
Great Plague of London(1664-65)
first published in 1722. Defoe
describes the horrifying daily
events in London city as it was
besieged by bubonic plague.

A Tour through England
and Wales
divided into circuits
or journeys (vol. 1)
 

A Tour through England
and Wales
divided into circuits or
journeys (vol. 2)

Robinson Crusoe (1719)

the Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe
(1719)

related internet links

a market town in
Shropshire
visited by Defoe on
his tour through
England and Wales

one of those books, along with a Bible,
Foxe's Book of Martyrs and
the Pilgrim's Progress, most likely
to be found in any English home
between 1750 and 1850. Children
were encouraged to read it because
it was believed to inculcate
principles of right living.
Defoe was incarcerated in
Newgate Prison for a time
 

online edition of the largest body of
texts detailing the lives of non-elite
people ever published, containing
accounts of over 100,000 criminal trials
held at London's central criminal court.
 

albion miscellanies volume 1
is 2005/2006/2007 sam-and-lizzie
all rights reserved